Papers - Functional Echo Measures:
Alverson, DC, Eldridge, M, Dillon, T, et al. (1982). "Noninvasive pulsed Doppler determination of cardiac output in neonates and children." J Pediatr101(1): 46-50.
Alverson, DC, Eldridge, MW, Johnson, JD, et al. (1984). "Noninvasive measurement of cardiac output in healthy preterm and term newborn infants." Am J Perinatol1(2): 148-151.
Barlow, AJ, Ward, C, Webber, SA, et al. (2004). "Myocardial contractility in premature neonates with and without patent ductus arteriosus." Pediatr Cardiol25(2): 102-107.
Chew, MS and Poelaert, J (2003). "Accuracy and repeatability of pediatric cardiac output measurement using Doppler: 20-year review of the literature." Intensive Care Med29(11): 1889-1894.
Claflin, KS, Alverson, DC, Pathak, D, et al. (1988). "Cardiac output determinations in the newborn. Reproducibility of the pulsed Doppler velocity measurement." J Ultrasound Med7(6): 311-315.
Clyman, RI, Roman, C, Heymann, MA, et al. (1999). "Left ventricle output and mean arterial blood pressure in preterm infants during the 1st day of life." Pediatr Res158(10): 817-824.
Colan, SD, Borow, KM and Neumann, A (1984). "Left ventricular end-systolic wall stress-velocity of fiber shortening relation: a load-independent index of myocardial contractility." J Am Coll Cardiol4(4): 715-724.
Coskun, S, Yuksel, H, Bilgi, Y, et al. (2001). "Non-invasive evaluation of the adaptations of cardiac function in the neonatal period: a comparison of healthy infants delivered by vaginal route and caesarean section." Acta Med Okayama55(4): 213-218.
Ekici, F, Atalay, S, Ozcelik, N, et al. (2007). "Myocardial tissue velocities in neonates." Echocardiography24(1): 61-67.
Evans, N and Iyer, P (1995). "Longitudinal changes in the diameter of the ductus arteriosus in ventilated preterm infants: correlation with respiratory outcomes." Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed72(3): F156-161.
Evans, N and Kluckow, M (1996). "Early determinants of right and left ventricular output in ventilated preterm infants." Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed74(2): F88-94.
Evans, N and Kluckow, M (1996). "Early ductal shunting and intraventricular haemorrhage in ventilated preterm infants." Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed75(3): F183-186.
Evans, N, Kluckow, M, Simmons, M, et al. (2002). "Which to measure, systemic or organ blood flow? Middle cerebral artery and superior vena cava flow in very preterm infants." Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed87(3): F181-184.
Evans, NJ and Archer, LN (1990). "Postnatal circulatory adaptation in healthy term and preterm neonates." Arch Dis Child65(1): 24-26.
Gill, AB and Weindling, AM (1993). "Echocardiographic assessment of cardiac function in shocked very low birthweight infants." Arch Dis Child68(1): 17-21.
Groves, AM, Kuschel, CA, Knight, DB, et al. (2008). "The relationship between blood pressure and blood flow in newborn preterm infants." Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed93(1): F29-32.
Groves, AM, Kuschel, CA, Knight, DB, et al. (2005). "Cardiorespiratory stability during echocardiography in preterm infants." Arch Dis Child90(1): 86-87.
Groves, AM, Kuschel, CA, Knight, DB, et al. (2008). "Does retrograde diastolic flow in the descending aorta signify impaired systemic perfusion in preterm infants?" Pediatr Res63(1): 89-94.
Groves, AM, Kuschel, CA, Knight, DB, et al. (2008). "Echocardiographic assessment of blood flow volume in the SVC and descending aorta in the newborn infant." Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed93(1): F24-28.
Groves, AM, Kuschel, CA and Skinner, JR (2006). "International Perspectives: The Neonatologist as an Echocardiographer." Neoreviews7(8): e391-399.
Gulati, VK, Katz, WE, Follansbee, WP, et al. (1996). "Mitral annular descent velocity by tissue Doppler echocardiography as an index of global left ventricular function." Am J Cardiol77(11): 979-984.
Hatle, L (1985). "Assessment of aortic blood flow velocities with continuous wave Doppler ultrasound in the neonate and young child." J Am Coll Cardiol5(1 Suppl): 113S-119S.
Hudson, I, Houston, A, Aitchison, T, et al. (1990). "Reproducibility of measurements of cardiac output in newborn infants by Doppler ultrasound." Arch Dis Child65(1 Spec No): 15-19.
Hunt, RW, Evans, N, Rieger, I, et al. (2004). "Low superior vena cava flow and neurodevelopment at 3 years in very preterm infants." J Pediatr145(5): 588-592.
Iwashima, S, Seguchi, M and Ohzeki, T (2005). "Left ventricular diastolic performance in neonates." Circ J69(9): 1094-1098. JST.JSTAGE/circj/69.1094 [pii]
Kluckow, M and Evans, N (1995). "Early echocardiographic prediction of symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants undergoing mechanical ventilation." J Pediatr127(5): 774-779.
Kluckow, M and Evans, N (1996). "Relationship between blood pressure and cardiac output in preterm infants requiring mechanical ventilation." J Pediatr129(4): 506-512.
Kluckow, M and Evans, N (2000). "Low superior vena cava flow and intraventricular haemorrhage in preterm infants." Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed82(3): F188-194.
Kluckow, M and Evans, N (2000). "Superior vena cava flow in newborn infants: a novel marker of systemic blood flow." Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed82(3): F182-187.
Kluckow, M and Evans, N (2001). "Low systemic blood flow and hyperkalemia in preterm infants." J Pediatr139(2): 227-232.
Lee, A, Liestol, K, Nestaas, E, et al. (2010). "Superior vena cava flow: feasibility and reliability of the off-line analyses." Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed95(2): F121-125. adc.2009.176883 [pii]
Lopez, L, Colan, SD, Frommelt, PC, et al. (2010). "Recommendations for quantification methods during the performance of a pediatric echocardiogram: a report from the Pediatric Measurements Writing Group of the American Society of Echocardiography Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease Council." J Am Soc Echocardiogr23(5): 465-495; quiz 576-467. S0894-7317(10)00266-X [pii]
McNamara, PJ and Sehgal, A (2007). "Towards rational management of the patent ductus arteriosus: the need for disease staging." Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed92(6): F424-427. 92/6/F424 [pii]
Mellander, M and Larsson, LE (1988). "Effects of left-to-right ductus shunting on left ventricular output and cerebral blood flow velocity in 3-day-old preterm infants with and without severe lung disease." J Pediatr113(1 Pt 1): 101-109.
Mertens, L, Seri, I, Marek, J, et al. (2011). "Targeted neonatal echocardiography in the neonatal intensive care unit: practice guidelines and recommendations for training: Writing group of the American Society of Echocardiography (ASE) in collaboration with the European Association of Echocardiography (EAE) and the Association for European Pediatric Cardiologists (AEPC)." Eur J Echocardiogr12(10): 715-736. jer181 [pii]
Mohan, UR, Britto, J, Habibi, P, et al. (2002). "Noninvasive measurement of cardiac output in critically ill children." Pediatr Cardiol23(1): 58-61.
Molicki, J, Dekker, I, de Groot, Y, et al. (2000). "Cerebral blood flow velocity wave form as an indicator of neonatal left ventricular heart function." Eur J Ultrasound12(1): 31-41.
Murase, M, Ishida, A and Momota, T (2002). "Serial pulsed Doppler assessment of early left ventricular output in critically ill very low-birth-weight infants." Pediatr Cardiol23(4): 442-448.
Nestaas, E, Stoylen, A, Brunvand, L, et al. (2009). "Tissue Doppler derived longitudinal strain and strain rate during the first 3 days of life in healthy term neonates." Pediatr Res65(3): 357-362.
Nestaas, E, Stoylen, A, Sandvik, L, et al. (2007). "Feasibility and reliability of strain and strain rate measurement in neonates by optimizing the analysis parameters settings." Ultrasound Med Biol33(2): 270-278. S0301-5629(06)01800-X [pii]
Osborn, DA (2005). "Diagnosis and treatment of preterm transitional circulatory compromise." Early Hum Dev81(5): 413-422.
Osborn, DA, Evans, N and Kluckow, M (2004). "Clinical detection of low upper body blood flow in very premature infants using blood pressure, capillary refill time, and central-peripheral temperature difference." Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed89(2): F168-173.
Osborn, DA, Evans, N, Kluckow, M, et al. (2007). "Low superior vena cava flow and effect of inotropes on neurodevelopment to 3 years in preterm infants." Pediatrics120(2): 372-380.
Phillipos, EZ, Robertson, MA and Byrne, PJ (1996). "Serial assessment of ductus arteriosus hemodynamics in hyaline membrane disease." Pediatrics98(6 Pt 1): 1149-1153.
Pladys, P, Wodey, E, Beuchee, A, et al. (1999). "Left ventricle output and mean arterial blood pressure in preterm infants during the 1st day of life." Eur J Pediatr158(10): 817-824.
Rowland, DG and Gutgesell, HP (1995). "Noninvasive assessment of myocardial contractility, preload, and afterload in healthy newborn infants." Am J Cardiol75(12): 818-821.
Sarnari, R, Kamal, RY, Friedberg, MK, et al. (2009). "Doppler assessment of the ratio of the systolic to diastolic duration in normal children: relation to heart rate, age and body surface area." J Am Soc Echocardiogr22(8): 928-932. S0894-7317(09)00438-6 [pii]
Sehgal, A and McNamara, PJ (2008). "Does point-of-care functional echocardiography enhance cardiovascular care in the NICU?" J Perinatol28(11): 729-735. jp2008100 [pii]
Shimada, S, Kasai, T, Hoshi, A, et al. (2003). "Cardiocirculatory effects of patent ductus arteriosus in extremely low-birth-weight infants with respiratory distress syndrome." Pediatr Int45(3): 255-262.
Shimada, S, Kasai, T, Konishi, M, et al. (1994). "Effects of patent ductus arteriosus on left ventricular output and organ blood flows in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome treated with surfactant." J Pediatr125(2): 270-277.
Skelton, R, Gill, AB and Parsons, JM (1998). "Reference ranges for cardiac dimensions and blood flow velocity in preterm infants." Heart80(3): 281-285.
Skinner, JR, Boys, RJ, Heads, A, et al. (1996). "Estimation of pulmonary arterial pressure in the newborn: study of the repeatability of four Doppler echocardiographic techniques." Pediatr Cardiol17(6): 360-369.
Skinner, JR, Hunter, S and Hey, EN (1996). "Haemodynamic features at presentation in persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn and outcome." Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed74(1): F26-32.
Suzumura, H, Nitta, A, Tanaka, G, et al. (2001). "Diastolic flow velocity of the left pulmonary artery of patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants." Pediatr Int43(2): 146-151.
Takahashi, Y, Harada, K, Ishida, A, et al. (1994). "Left ventricular preload reserve in preterm infants with patent ductus arteriosus." Arch Dis Child71(2): F118-121.
Takahashi, Y, Harada, K, Kishkurno, S, et al. (2004). "Myocardial contractility in premature neonates with and without patent ductus arteriosus." Pediatr Cardiol25(2): 102-107.
Tortoli, P, Bambi, G, Guidi, F, et al. (2002). "Toward a better quantitative measurement of aortic flow." Ultrasound Med Biol28(2): 249-257.
Toyono, M, Harada, K, Takahashi, Y, et al. (1998). "Maturational changes in left ventricular contractile state." Int J Cardiol64(3): 247-252.
Tsai-Goodman, B, Martin, RP, Marlow, N, et al. (2001). "The repeatability of echocardiographic determination of right ventricular output in the newborn." Cardiol Young11(2): 188-194.
Tsai-Goodman, B, Thorne, G, Whittingham, TA, et al. (1999). "Development of a system to record cardiac output continuously in the newborn." Pediatr Res46(5): 621-625.
Walther, FJ, Benders, MJ and Leighton, JO (1997). "Postnatal left ventricular contractility in very low birth weight infants." J Pediatr18(2): 112-117.
Walther, FJ, Siassi, B, King, J, et al. (1985). "Normal values of aortic root measurements in neonates." Pediatr Cardiol6(2): 61-63.
Walther, FJ, Siassi, B, King, J, et al. (1986). "Echocardiographic measurements in normal preterm and term neonates." Acta Paediatr Scand75(4): 563-568.
Walther, FJ, Siassi, B, Ramadan, NA, et al. (1985). "Pulsed Doppler determinations of cardiac output in neonates: normal standards for clinical use." Pediatrics76(5): 829-833.
Walther, FJ, Siassi, B and Wu, PY (1986). "Echocardiographic measurement of left ventricular stroke volume in newborn infants: a correlative study with pulsed Doppler and M-mode echocardiography." J Clin Ultrasound14(1): 37-41.
Winberg, P, Jansson, M, Marions, L, et al. (1989). "Left ventricular output during postnatal circulatory adaptation in healthy infants born at full term." Arch Dis Child64(10 Spec No): 1374-1378.
Wodey, E, Pladys, P, Betremieux, P, et al. (1998). "Capillary refilling time and hemodynamics in neonates: a Doppler echocardiographic evaluation." Crit Care Med26(8): 1437-1440.